The EU and the Baltic-Black Sea Region

Тип: Нормативний

Кафедра: міжнародних відносин і дипломатичної служби

Лекції

СеместрК-сть годинЛекторГрупа(и)
10доцент Калитчак Р. Г.

Практичні

СеместрК-сть годинГрупаВикладач(і)
10

Опис курсу

Amount of credits (ECTS)  –  4 ECTS

Work load: 32 hours for in-class activities 58 hours for independent work

Duration in semesters: One semester  – 16 weeks

Objectives of the course:

The course aims to:

  • Provide an advanced understanding of the complex and multifaceted nature of the EU’s actorness in the Baltic-Black Sea Region;
  • Explore a variety of bilateral and multilateral institutional arrangements of the EU’s engagement in this macro-region from comparative perspectives;
  • Examine the EU’s impact on both member and non-member states in the Baltic-Black Sea Region.

Learning outcomes: 

After completing the course, students should be equipped to:

  • Empirically demonstrate and explain the role of the European Union in the Baltic-Black Sea Region;
  • Discuss, compare and assess the dynamics of the EU’s interaction with both member and non-member states within different institutional frameworks;
  • Contextualise and analyse how the European Union could affect domestic politics as well as international relations in the Baltic-Black Sea Region;
  • Independently identify and evaluate constraints and opportunities for further integration and / or cooperation of individual countries with the EU;
  • Students will also enhance their written and oral communication skills.

Brief description:

The Baltic-Black Sea Region within its unique geographical context provides an exceptional comparative perspective on the manifold ways in which the EU and individual states are engaging with each other.

On the one hand, the course will offer rich empirical insights into a number of modalities of differentiated integration within the EU, including Danish opt-outs from a number of EU policies, the integration of the Baltic States into the EU, the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism for Bulgaria and Romania, the reluctance of Poland and Sweden to join the Eurozone and other relevant topics and issues.

On the other hand, the course will take a comparative focus on the patterns and dynamics of the EU’s interaction with non-member states and provide the opportunity to examine in-depth the effectiveness and consistency of EU’s actions in the Baltic-Black Sea Region. It will discuss the merits and limitations of various forms of cooperation with neighboring countries. The course will elaborate on key aspects of bilateral relationships with respective countries and critically explore different multilateral institutional arrangements and initiatives, including the European Economic Area, the European Neighbourhood Policy, the Eastern Partnership, the Northern Dimension or the Black-Sea Synergy.

Throughout the course, current challenges and new developments will be addressed in order to link the acquired knowledge to specific cases.

General structure of the course:

Week I

Introduction lecture

No required readings

Week II

Denmark, Finland and Sweden: reluctant EU members? 

Required readings:

  • McCallion, M. S., Brianson, A. (2018). Nordic states and European integration: Awkward partners in the North? Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan – pp. 13-78

Week III

Nordic Countries in EU Institutions: coherent bloc or independent players?

Required readings:

  • Grøn, C. H., Nedergaard, P. and Wivel, A. (2015), The Nordic Countries and the European Union: Still the other European Community? London: Routledge. – pp. 53-121

Week IV

Integration of the Baltic States in the European Union: EU success story?

Required readings:

  • Aalto, P. (2006). European Union and the Making of a Wider Northern Europe. London: Routledge. – pp. 60-115

Week V

Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in the post-enlargement period: drifting apart?

Required readings:

  • Kerikmäe, T., Chochia, A., & Atallah, M. (2018). The Baltic States in the European Union. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.
  • Grigas A., Kasekamp, A., Maslauskaite, K., & Zorgenfreija, L. (2013). The Baltic States in the EU: Yesterday, today and tomorrow. Studies & Reports No 98. Paris: Notre Europe–Jacques Delors Institute.

Week VI

Poland in the EU: still at the EU’s periphery?  

Required readings:

  • Czachór, (2017). The enlargement of the European Union – Poland’s example. Between unity and diversity. Przegląd Politologiczny, No 4, pp. 7-19
  • Duszczyk, M. (2016). Periphery, or perhaps already the centre? The impact of ten years of membership in the European Union on the position and perceptions of Poland. In Laffan, B., Magone, J. and Schweiger, C. (eds). Core-periphery relations in the European Union. London: Routledge – pp. 251-265.
  • Kolodziejczyk, K. (2016). Poland in the European Union. Ten years of membership. Revista UNISCI/UNISCI Journal, Volume 40, pp. 9-26.

Week VII

Bulgaria and Romania in the European Union: testing the EU’s transformative power?

Required readings:

  • Bechev, D. (2018) Bulgaria and the European Union. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics
  • Dimitrov, G., Haralampiev, K., Stoychev, S. (2016) The Adventures of the CVM in Bulgaria and Romania. MAXCAP Working Paper Series, No. 29
  • Gherghina, S., Soare S. (2016) A test of European Union post-accession influence: comparing reactions to political instability in Romania, Democratization, 23:5 – pp. 797-818

Week VIII

Turkey: the eternal EU candidate?

Required readings:

  • Joseph, J.S. (2012). EU Enlargement: The Challenge and Promise of Turkey In The Foreign Policy of the European Union. Assessing Europe’s Role in the World. Bindi F., Angelescu I. (eds.), Brookings Institution Press, Washington D.C. – pp. 172-182.
  • Weber, M. (2018). EU–Turkey relations need an honest new start. European View, Vol.17 (1), 52–57.

Week IX

Norway, Iceland and the EEA: quasimembership of the EU?

Required readings:

  • McCallion, M. S., Brianson, A. (2018). Nordic states and European integration: Awkward partners in the North? Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan – pp. 79-128.
  • Thorhallsson, B. (2015). The outsiders: Norway and Iceland In The Nordic Countries and the European Union: Still the other European Community? Grøn, C. H., Nedergaard, P. and Wivel, A (eds.) London: Routledge – pp. 32-50.

Week X

European Neighborhood Policy and Eastern Partnership: an appropriate response to Eastern European neighbors’ aspirations?

Required readings:

  • Korosteleva, E. (2017) The challenges of a changing eastern neighbourhood/ In The Routledge Handbook on the European Neighbourhood Policy Schumacher T., Marchetti A. and Thomas Demmelhuber (eds.) Abingdon: Routledge. – pp. 167-176
  • Vernygora V., Troitiño D.R., Västra S. (2016) The Eastern Partnership Programme: Is Pragmatic Regional Functionalism Working for a Contemporary Political Empire?. In: Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy. Kerikmäe T., Chochia A. (eds). Springer, Cham. – pp. 7-21

Week XI

EU-Ukraine Relations: too big to integrate?

Required readings:

  • Bureiko, N., Moga T. (2018) ‘Bounded Europeanisation’: The case of Ukraine. In: The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood: Europeanisation and its twenty-first-century contradictions. Flenley, P., & Mannin, M. (eds.) Manchester University Press. – pp. 71-85.

Week XII

Georgia and Moldova: will these countries ever join the EU?

Required readings:

  • Całus, K., Kosienkowski, M. (2018). Relations between Moldova and the European Union. In: The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood: Europeanisation and its twenty-first-century contradictions. Flenley, P., & Mannin, M. (eds) Manchester University Press. – pp. 100-113.
  • Simão, L. (2018) Georgia: Building a European State. In: The EU’s Neighbourhood Policy towards the South Caucasus. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham – pp. 215-244

Week XIII

Relations of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Belarus with the EU: striving for meaningful tailor-made cooperation?

Required readings:

  • Kascian, K. (2018) Belarus: does Europeanisation require a geopolitical choice? In: The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood: Europeanisation and its twenty-first-century contradictions. Flenley, P., & Mannin, M. (eds) – pp. 86-100.
  • Simão, L. (2018) Azerbaijan: Strategic Partnership Instead of Europeanisation. In: The EU’s Neighbourhood Policy towards the South Caucasus. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. – p. 185-213
  • Simão, L. (2018) Armenia: Breaking Isolation to Reach Europe. In: The EU’s Neighbourhood Policy towards the South Caucasus. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. – pp. 147-184

Week XIV

EU-Russia relations: prolonged crisis or new normality?

Required readings:

  • Casier, T. (2015). The EU and Russia. From a marriage of convenience to confrontation. In: The Diplomatic System of the European Union: Evolution, Change and Challenges. Smith, M., Keukeleire, S. and Vanhoonacker, S. (eds.) London, Routledge. – pp. 129-145
  • Petrova, I. (2017). EU-Russia relations in the Wider Europe: From strategic partner to major competitor? In: The European Neighbourhood Policy in a comparative perspective: Models, challenges, lessons. Gstöhl, S (ed.) London, Routledge. – pp. 147-162

Week XV

Northern Dimension and Black-Sea Synergy: dysfunctional initiatives?

Required readings:

  • Delcour, L. (2016). Shaping the post-Soviet space? EU policies and approaches to region-building. – pp. 129-146
  • Van Elsuwege, P. (2016). The Northern Dimension: a format for pragmatic cooperation with the EU’s biggest neighbour. In The European neighbourhood policy in a comparative perspective. Gstöhl S. (Ed.) London, Routledge. – pp. 92–104.
  • Yazgan, H. (2017). Black Sea Synergy: Success or Failure for the European Union. Siyasal Bilimler Dergisi, 5, 67-78.

Week XVI

Simulation game

Рекомендована література

Obligatory:

Aalto, P. (2006). European Union and the Making of a Wider Northern Europe. London: Routledge. – pp. 60-115

Bechev, D. (2018) Bulgaria and the European Union. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics

Bureiko, N., Moga T. (2018) ‘Bounded Europeanisation’: The case of Ukraine. In: The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood: Europeanisation and its twenty-first-century contradictions. Flenley, P., & Mannin, M. (eds.) Manchester University Press. – pp. 71-85.

Całus, K., Kosienkowski, M. (2018). Relations between Moldova and the European Union. In: The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood: Europeanisation and its twenty-first-century contradictions. Flenley, P., & Mannin, M. (eds) Manchester University Press. – pp. 100-113.

Casier, T. (2015). The EU and Russia. From a marriage of convenience to confrontation. In: The Diplomatic System of the European Union: Evolution, Change and Challenges. Smith, M., Keukeleire, S. and Vanhoonacker, S. (eds.) London, Routledge. – pp. 129-145

Czachór, Z. (2017). The enlargement of the European Union – Poland’s example. Between unity and diversity. Przegląd Politologiczny, No 4, pp. 7-19

Delcour, L. (2016). Shaping the post-Soviet space? EU policies and approaches to region-building. – pp. 129-146

Dimitrov, G., Haralampiev, K., Stoychev, S. (2016) The Adventures of the CVM in Bulgaria and Romania.  MAXCAP Working Paper Series, No. 29

Duszczyk, M. (2016). Periphery, or perhaps already the centre? The impact of ten years of membership in the European Union on the position and perceptions of Poland. In Laffan, B., Magone, J. and Schweiger, C. (eds). Core-periphery relations in the European Union. London: Routledge – pp. 251-265.

Gherghina, S., Soare S. (2016) A test of European Union post-accession influence: comparing reactions to political instability in Romania, Democratization, 23:5 – pp. 797-818

Grigas A., Kasekamp, A., Maslauskaite, K., & Zorgenfreija, L. (2013). The Baltic States in the EU: Yesterday, today and tomorrow. Studies & Reports No 98. Paris: Notre Europe–Jacques Delors Institute.

Grøn, C. H., Nedergaard, P. and Wivel, A. (2015) The Nordic Countries and the European Union: Still the other European Community? London: Routledge. – pp. 53-121

Joseph, J.S. (2012). EU Enlargement: The Challenge and Promise of Turkey In The Foreign Policy of the European Union. Assessing Europe’s Role in the World. Bindi F., Angelescu I. (eds.), Brookings Institution Press, Washington D.C. – pp. 172-182.

Kascian, K. (2018) Belarus: does Europeanisation require a geopolitical choice? In: The European Union and its eastern neighbourhood: Europeanisation and its twenty-first-century contradictions. Flenley, P., & Mannin, M. (eds) – pp. 86-100.

Kerikmäe, T., Chochia, A., & Atallah, M.  (2018). The Baltic States in the European Union. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics.

Kolodziejczyk, K. (2016). Poland in the European Union. Ten years of membership. Revista UNISCI/UNISCI Journal, Volume 40, pp. 9-26.

Korosteleva, E. (2017) The challenges of a changing eastern neighbourhood/ In The Routledge Handbook on the European Neighbourhood Policy Schumacher T., Marchetti A. and Thomas Demmelhuber (eds.) Abingdon: Routledge. – pp. 167-176

McCallion, M. S.,  Brianson, A. (2018). Nordic states and European integration: Awkward partners in the North? Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan – pp. 79-128.

McCallion, M. S., Brianson, A. (2018). Nordic states and European integration: Awkward partners in the North? Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan – pp. 13-78

Petrova, I. (2017). EU-Russia relations in the Wider Europe: From strategic partner to major competitor? In: The European Neighbourhood Policy in a comparative perspective: Models, challenges, lessons. Gstöhl, S (ed.) London, Routledge. – pp. 147-162

Simão, L. (2018) Armenia: Breaking Isolation to Reach Europe. In: The EU’s Neighbourhood Policy towards the South Caucasus. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. – pp. 147-184

Simão, L. (2018) Azerbaijan: Strategic Partnership Instead of Europeanisation. In: The EU’s Neighbourhood Policy towards the South Caucasus. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. – p. 185-213

Simão, L. (2018) Georgia: Building a European State. In: The EU’s Neighbourhood Policy towards the South Caucasus. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham – pp. 215-244

Thorhallsson, B. (2015). The outsiders: Norway and Iceland In The Nordic Countries and the European Union: Still the other European Community?  Grøn, C. H., Nedergaard, P. and Wivel, A (eds.) London: Routledge – pp. 32-50.

Van Elsuwege, P. (2016). The Northern Dimension: a format for pragmatic cooperation with the EU’s biggest neighbour. In The European neighbourhood policy in a comparative perspective. Gstöhl S. (Ed.) London, Routledge. – pp. 92–104.

Vernygora V., Troitiño D.R., Västra S. (2016) The Eastern Partnership Programme: Is Pragmatic Regional Functionalism Working for a Contemporary Political Empire?. In: Political and Legal Perspectives of the EU Eastern Partnership Policy. Kerikmäe T., Chochia A. (eds). Springer, Cham. – pp. 7-22

Weber, M. (2018). EU–Turkey relations need an honest new start. European View, Vol.17 (1), 52–57.

Yazgan, H. ( 2017). Black Sea Synergy: Success or Failure for the European Union. Siyasal Bilimler Dergisi  n. 5/ 67-78.

Recommended:

Adler-Nissen, R. (2016). Opting Out of the European Union: Diplomacy, Sovereignty and European Integration. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, Holzinger, K., & Schimmelfennig, F. (January 01, 2012). Differentiated integration in the European Union: Many concepts, sparse theory, few data. Journal of European Public Policy, 19, 2.)

Akgül, A. S., & In Triantaphyllou, D. (2017). The European Union and the Black Sea: The State of Play. Routledge

Avery, G., Bailes, A. J. K., & Thorhallsson, B. (2011). Iceland’s Application for European Union Membership. Studia Diplomatica, 64, 1, 93-119.

Aydin-Duzgit, S. (2015). Turkey and the European Union. Palgrave Macmillan.

Balázs, P., & In Evin, A. (2015). Turkey and the European Union: Strategic partners and competitors. Budapest, Hungary ; New York, NY, USA : Center for EU Enlargement Studies,

Baltag D., Bosse G. (2016) The EU’s Eastern Partnership with Moldova: A ‘Best-Case’ Scenario for EU Security Community-Building?. In: Rieker P. (eds) External Governance as Security Community Building. The European Union in International Affairs. Palgrave Macmillan, London, 49-77

Baltag, D. (2018). EU External Representation Post-Lisbon: The Performance of EU Diplomacy in Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy, 13, 1, 75-96.

Bocse, A.-M. (2019). EU Energy Diplomacy: Searching for New Suppliers in Azerbaijan and Iran. Geopolitics, 24, 1, 145-173.

Bosse, G. (2012). A Partnership With Dictatorship: Explaining the Paradigm Shift in European Union Policy Towards Belarus. Journal of Common Market Studies, 50, 3, 367-384.

Casier, T., & In DeBardeleben, J. (2018). EU-Russia relations in crisis: Understanding diverging perceptions.

Cengiz, F., & In Hoffmann, L. (2016). Turkey and the European Union: Facing new challenges and opportunities. Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group

Chaban, N., Elgström, O., & Gulyaeva, O. (, 2017). Russian Images of the European Union: Before and after Maidan. Foreign Policy Analysis.

Cierco, T. (2016). The European Union neighbourhood: Challenges and opportunities. London: Routledge.

Dosenrode-Lynge, S. Z., & In Halkier, H. (2018). The Nordic Regions and the European Union. London : Taylor and Francis

Gänzle, S. (2017). The European Union’s Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region (EUSBSR): improving multilevel governance in Baltic Sea cooperation?. Journal of Baltic Studies, 48, 4, 407-420.

Gänzle, S., & Kern, K. (2016). The European Union Strategy for the Baltic Sea Region. A “macro-Regional” Europe in the Making : Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Evidence, 123-144.

Haukkala, H. (2016). A Perfect Storm; Or What Went Wrong and What Went Right for the EU in Ukraine. Europe-asia Studies, 68, 4, 653-664.

Heininen, L. (2017). The Arctic, Baltic, and North-Atlantic ‘cooperative regions’ in ‘Wider Northern Europe’: similarities and differences. Journal of Baltic Studies, 48, 4, 435-450.

Hillion, C. (2011). Integrating an outsider: An EU perspective on relations with Norway. European Foreign Affairs Review, 16, 489-520

Holzinger, K., & Schimmelfennig, F. (January 01, 2012). Differentiated integration in the European Union: Many concepts, sparse theory, few data. Journal of European Public Policy, 19, [292]-305

Jakobsen, P. V. (2009). Small states, big influence: The overlooked Nordic influence on the civilian ESDP. Journal of Common Market Studies, 47, 1. [81]-102

Kobierecka, A. (2017). Nordic states: towards unity or diversity?. Polish Political Science, 46, 105-120.

Korosteleva, E. (2017). Eastern Partnership: bringing “the political” back in. East European Politics, 33, 3, 321-337.

Korosteleva, E. A. (2016). The European Union and Belarus: democracy promotion by technocratic means?. Democratization, 23, 4, 678-698.

Kuzio, T. (2017). Ukraine between a Constrained EU and Assertive Russia. Journal of Common Market Studies, 55, 1, 103-120.

Lacey, J., & Baubock, R. (2017). Enlargement, association, accession-a normative account of membership in a union of states. Journal of European Integration, 39, 5, 529-543.

Leruth, B., & Lord, C. (2015). Differentiated integration in the European Union: a concept, a process, a system or a theory?. Journal of European Public Policy, 22, 6, 754-763.

Lindahl R. & Naurin Daniel (2005) Sweden: The twin faces of a euro-outsider, Journal of European Integration 27, 1, 65-87

Loda, C. (2017). The European Union as a normative power: the case of Armenia. East European Politics, 33, 2, 275-290.

Miles, L., & In Wivel, A. (2015). Denmark and the European Union. London : Routledge,

Nilsson, M., & Silander, D. (2016). Democracy and Security in the EU’s Eastern Neighborhood? Assessing the ENP in Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine. Democracy and Security, 12, 1, 44-61.

Nováky, N. I. M. (2015). Why so Soft? The European Union in Ukraine. Contemporary Security Policy, 36, 2, 244-266.

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Özer, Y., In Nas, C., & In Özer, Y. (2016). Turkey and the European Union: Processes of Europeanisation. London : Routledge

Raik, K., & Dinesen, R. L. (October 15, 2015). The European Union and Upheavals in its Neighborhood: A Force for Stability?. International Journal of Public Administration, 38, 12, 902-914.

Samokhvalov, V. (2015). Ukraine between Russia and the European Union: Triangle Revisited. Europe-Asia Studies, 67, 9, 1371-1393.

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Vieira, A., & Vasilyan, S. (2018). Armenia and Belarus: caught between the EU’s and Russia’s conditionalities?. European Politics and Society, 19, 4, 471-489.

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Weaver, C. (2016). The politics of the Black Sea region: EU neighbourhood, conflict zone or future security community? London : Routledge

Weaver, C., & Henderson, K. (2016). The Black Sea Region and EU Policy: The Challenge of Divergent Agendas. London: Taylor and Francis.